This essay is essentially an extract of a wider PhD research study on the informal sector and women empowerment in Zimbabwe. This paper uses a tripartite prism of structure-agency, sustainable livelihoods and feminist empowerment theories to explain, through reflective account, the prospects and constraints for gender budgeting as a tool of women empowerment in Zimbabwe. The broad aim of the study was, therefore, thus to explore potential for and missed opportunities in gender budgeting using the eyes of women informal retail traders. The research approach of this study was threefold in approach. First, it used responses to open-ended questions in the questionnaire used in the main study. The second approach involved use of focus group discussions while the third approach relied on the participation and observation. The main argument of the paper is that study highlights fall into five categories, namely role of state institutions, clarity of frameworks and processes, budget input by women, budget outcomes and monitoring as well as culture. The paper notes the positive initiatives that promote and challenges that hinder gender budgeting in Zimbabwe. The paper contributes to the existing body of knowledge in social sciences by bringing a different perspective of analysis and evidence. It also contributes to this growing body of knowledge by focussing on the narratives of the women informal retail traders, now a dominant market force in Zimbabwe. The paper will be of interest and value to different readers, including social scientists, policy makers and casual readers reading for the sake of reading.
- Page(s): 01-07
- Date of Publication: 08 January 2017
- Thokozani KhupePhD Candidate, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
- Mandla NyathiLecturer, Faculty of Commerce, National University of Science and Technology, P. O. Box AC 939, Ascot, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
- Watchy RuparangandaLecturer, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
. Archer, M.S. (1990), “Human Agency and Social Structure: A Critique of Giddens” in Anthony Giddens, Consensus and Controversy, J. Clark and C. Modgil (Eds), London: Falmer Press . Bertilsson, M. (1984) The Theory of Structuration: Prospects and Problems. Lund, Sweden: University of Lund . Chafetz, J. S. (1988) Feminist Sociology: An Overview of Contemporary Theories. Itasca, IL: Peacock . Chambers, R. and Conway, G. R. (1992) Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Practical Concepts for the 21st Century. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies . Chirisa, I. (2004) Mainstreaming Gender Into Economic Empowerment: An Examination of the Livelihoods Strategies of Urban Women in the Informal Sector: A Case Study of Harare. Harare: University of Zimbabwe . Conway, G. (2012) One Billion Hungry: Can We Feed the World? New York: Cornell University Press . Cowen, M., and Shenton, R. (1998) Doctrines of Development. London: Routledge. . Escobar, A. (1995) Encountering Development. The Making and the Unmaking oftThe Third World. Princeton: Princeton university . Goyal, A. (2006) Women’s Empowerment through Gender Budgeting- A review in the Indian context http://www.wcd.nic.in/gbsummary/gbppr_ag.pdf . Giddens, A. (1984) The Constitution of Society: Outline of the Theory of Structuration. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press . ........(1995) The Constitution of Society. Cambridge: Polity . ........(1995) Politics, Sociology and Social Theory: Encounters with Classical and Contemporary Social Thought. California: Stanford University Press . Gopalan, S. (2008) Gender Budgeting: Concepts and Experiences. Hyderabad, India: Icfai University . Hebarmas, J. (1987) The Theory of Communication Action: Volume 2. Lifeworld and Systems: A Critique’s Functionalist Reason. Cambridge: Polity . Khupe, T. ( 2015) Informal sector and women empowerment: Case of women informal retail traders and poverty alleviation in Bulawayo. Harare: University of Zimbabwe . Krantz, L. (2001) . http://www.sida.se/contentassets/bd474c210163447c9a7963d77c64148a/the-sustainable-livelihood-approach-to-poverty-reduction_2656.pdf . Maneja (2002) Women, Weaving, and the Web: An Analysis of Rural Indian Women's Agency in Attaining Economic Empowerment. Georgetown: Georgetown University . Martinez, E. (2006) SII: Basic Concepts of Power and Empowerment, [online] available at pqdl.care.org/sii/.../SII%20Women's%20Empowerment%20Global%20B. http://www.academia.edu/7815530/Empowering_Women_in_the_Philippines_through_Social_Enterprise http://pqdl.care.org/sii/compendium/Original documents/Framework for Women's Empowerment-condensed.doc . Marx, K. (1972) A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy. London: International Publishers, in Howard, M. C. (1988) Political Economy of Marx. New York: New York University Press . Mazibuko, S. (2013) Understanding Underdevelopment Through the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. Community Development, 2013, vol. 44, issue 2, pages 173-187 . Mboko, S. (2008) Women entrepreneurs in Zimbabwe- a case study. Journal of global and local dynamics in African business and development, International academy of African business development, pages 308-312. . McKay, R. (2001) Women and entrepreneurs: moving beyond family and flexibility. International journal of entrepreneurial behaviour and research. Vol. 7(4), page 148-152 . Mead, G. H., and Morris, C. W. (1962) in Edles, L. D., and Appelrouth, S. (2010) Sociological theory in the classical era : text and readings. Los Angeles : Pine Forge Press . Morse, S. and Mcnamara, N. (2013) Sustainable Livelihood Approach: A Critique of Theory and Practice. New York: Springer . Nkala, P. (2012) Assessing the impacts of conservation agriculture on farmer livelihoods in three selected communities in Central Mozambique, (unpublished) Doctoral thesis, BOKU, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna. . Parsons, T. (1967) The Structure of Social Action. New York: Free Press . Ransdell, L.L. (1991) Shifting the paradigm: An overview of feminist sociology. NWSA Journal, 3(3), 468-474. . Sharp, R. and Ray, B. (1999) Australia’s Role in the Development of Gender-Sensitive Budgets’, Paper presented at the United Nations Development Program in Partnership with UNIFEM, Workshop on Pro-Poor, Gender and Environment –Sensitive budgets. New York: USA . Stacey, J. and Thorne, B (1985) The Missing Feminist Revolution in Sociology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. . Thorne, B. (2006) How can Feminist Sociology Sustain Its Critical Edge? Social Problems, 53(4), 473-478. . Yunus, M. (2007) Creating A World Without Poverty : Social Business And The Future Of Capitalism. New York : Public Affairs
Thokozani Khupe, Mandla Nyathi, Watchy Ruparanganda "Gender Budgeting: Prospects and Constraints in the Eyes of the Women Informal Retail Traders in Zimbabwe" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science -IJRISS vol.1 issue 1, pp.01-07 2017
During the last few years, many techniques have been developed  which not only optimizes data, but also re-structures data, that stored in traditional databases. These data which is very complex, variated, huge and fast generation can be used for potential decision making for business purposes. To deal with this, data must be optimized first, organized and then extraction of useful data must be done. Several modern techniques are dealing with this data have been emerged. So many new techniques appear in data mining and data analysis as well. These data should be used to support the world economy, and help the decisions makers to make appropriate decisions. This paper focuses on how to use twitter API streaming for analysis. Abu-Dhabi tourism places visitor’s sentiments using twitter hashtag analysis to support the tourism industry, which has become one of the most important sectors to support the global economy . The aim is to increase the income of many countries and help these countries to create many jobs. In-addition this sector in many countries has become a focus of attention of investors and businessmen as well as researchers and academician of various universities across the world .
- Page(s): 08-12
- Date of Publication: 08 January 2017
- Hamed Saif AlbusaidiStudent, Dept. of PG Studies, Middle East College, Muscat, Oman
- Prakash Kumar UdupiDepartment of Computing, Middle East College, Muscat, Oman
- Vishal DattanaDepartment of Computing, Middle East College, Muscat, Oman
. Nazarlan, A., 2014. The huffington post. [Online] Available at: www.2014.com/angella-nazarian/the-technology-revolution_b_4809786.html [Accessed 13 December 2016]. . Turner, R., 2012. The Comparative Economic Impact of Travel & Tourism, s.l.: American Express . . Xhiliola Agaraj, M. M., 2016. Tourism an Important Sector of Economy Development. ideas. . Schreyer, P., 2000. THE CONTRIBUTION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TO OUTPUT GROWTH: A STUDY OF THE G7 COUNTRIES, Paris: The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). . Jacques Bughin, M. C. a. J. M., 2007. Clouds, big data, and smart assets: Ten tech-enabled business trends to watch. McKinsey Quarterly. . Chaffey, D., 2016. Smart Insights. [Online] Available at: http://www.smartinsights.com/social-media-marketing/social-media-strategy/new-global-social-media-research/ [Accessed 13 December 2016]. . Newberry, C., 2016. hootsuite. [Online] Available at: https://blog.hootsuite.com/twitter-demographics/ [Accessed 13 December 2016]. . SCAD-Authors, 2016. Statistics centre − Abu Dhabi (SCAD). [Online] Available at: https://www.scad.ae/en/pages/aboutus.aspx [Accessed 13 December 2016]. . Alzaabi, M. M., 2016. Data Collection methodologies in SCAD [Interview] (9 October 2016). . Cloudera-Authors, 2016. Cloudera. [Online] Available at: http://www.triforce.com.au/pdf/Cloudera_Case_Study_Network_Service_Provider_Machine-Generated_Data.pdf [Accessed 13 December 2016]. . Gray, I. A., 2016. How to Register a Twitter App in 8 Easy Steps. [Online] Available at: https://iag.me/socialmedia/how-to-create-a-twitter-app-in-8-easy-steps/ [Accessed 13 December 2016]. . Contributors, 2016. Microsoft Azure. [Online] Available at: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/hdinsight/hdinsight-hbase-analyze-twitter-sentiment [Accessed 13 Decemebr 2016]. . Warsta, J., 2002. Software development methods.
Hamed Saif Albusaidi, Prakash Kumar Udupi, Vishal Dattana "Optimization and Visualization of Opinion Mining and Sentiments In Tourism Dashboard: A Case of Statics Centre Abu-Dhabi (SCAD)" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science -IJRISS vol.1 issue 1, pp.08-12 2017
The present study involves the analysis of Emotional Intelligence(EI) for different age-groups ranging from 17-60years. The age taken as continuous statistic for every respondent and clustered as:Young-Adulthood(17-23 years), Middle-age(24-34 years) and Mature-age(35-60) for analysis. EI and its components:Emotional-Competency, Emotional-Sensitivity and Emotional-Maturity were measured for 186 respondents. The results indicated significant impact of age on the EI and its components. Total EI increased with age. Emotional-Competency decreased from young adulthood to middle age and then increased for mature age. Maturity was maximum for mature age, whereas competency and sensitivity were maximum for middle age.
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- Date of Publication: 08 January 2017
- Deeksha SharmaSenior Research Fellow Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India
. Baker, T., & Bichsel, J. (2006). Personality Predictors of Intelligence: Differences between young and cognitively healthy older adults. Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and department of Psychology, Harrisburg Campus, The Pennsylvania State University, US. . Bar-On, R. (1988). The development of a concept of psychological wellbeing. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, South Africa, Rhodes University. . Bar-On, R. (1997). Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: User's manual. New York: Multi-Health Systems. . Bar-On, R. (2004). The Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i): Rationale, description, and summary of psychometric properties. In Glenn Geher (Ed.), Measuring emotional intelligence: Common ground and controversy. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, pp. 111-142. . Bar-On, R. (2006). The Bar-On model of emotional-social intelligence (ESI). Psicothema, 18, supl., 13-25. . Bar-On, R., & Parker, J.D.A. (2000b). Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version.Technical Manual. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems. . Boyatsis, R., Goleman, D., & Hay/McBer. (1999). Emotional Competence Inventory. . Boyatzis, R. E., & Sala, F. (2004). Assessing emotional intelligence competencies. In G. Geher (Ed.), Measuring emotional intelligence. Common ground and controversy (pp. 147–180). Hauppage, NY: Nova Science. . Brackett, M. A., Rivers, S. E., & Salovey, P. (2011). Emotional intelligence: implications for personal, social, academic, and workplace success. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5, 88-103. . Brody, L. R., & Hall, J. A. (2000). Gender, emotion, and expression. In M. Lewis, & J. M. Haviland (Eds.), Handbook of emotions (pp. 338-349). New York: Guilford. . Carulli & Com (2003). A study of emotional intelligence and organizational leadership in Asia Pacific. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. University of Hull. . Chapman, B. P., & Hayslip, B. Jr., (2006). 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How to raise a child with a higher EQ. New York: Harper Collins. . Singh, D. (2006). Emotional Intelligence at Work: A Professional Guide (third Ed.). New Delhi: . Response Books. . Stein, J.S. (2009). Emotional Intelligence for Dummies. ON: John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. . Vakola, M., Tsaousis, I., & Nikolaou, I. (2004). The Effects of emotional intelligence and personality variables on attitudes toward organizational change. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 19, 88–110. . Watson, T. L., & Blanchard-Fields, F. (1998). Thinking with your head and your heart: Age differences in everyday problem-solving strategy preferences. Neuropsychology and Cognition, 5, 225–240. . Wechsler, D. (1958). The measurement and appraisal of adult intelligence (fourth ed.). Baltimore (MD): Williams & Witkins. Chapter 3. . Yammarino, F., & Atwater, L. (1993). Understanding self-perception accuracy: Implications for human resource management. Human Resource Management, 32, 231-247. . 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Deeksha Sharma "Impact of Age on Emotional Intelligence and Its Components" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science -IJRISS vol.1 issue 1, pp.13-20 2017
I. UNDERSTANDING BMI Body Mass Index or BMI is one of the most commonly used statistical tools to measure body fat. Calculated by taking the ratio of individual’s weight and height, BMI has seen tremendous prevalence, over the years, in usage from both individuals and medical community. Its wide reach can be attributed to the fact that it is extremely simple to calculate, reasonably informative, cheap and non-invasive in nature. It is now commonly accepted as a useful screening tool for weight profiling of individuals as well population groups. Based on the BMI score, an individual is classified as either underweight, normal, overweight and obese. A score above 25 makes the individual overweight and one above 30 makes her obese. Chart 1 below captures, in detail, all the BMI score ranges and corresponding categories.
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- Date of Publication: 08 January 2017
- Rasmi MishraFounder, COO, AllizHealth
Website links: . http://www.cadiresearch.org/topic/obesity/abdominal-obesity/abdominal-obesity-indians . http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/how-to-prevent-abdominal-obesity/articleshow/17898464.cms . http://www.webmd.com/diet/obesity/the-risks-of-belly-fat . http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/mens-health/in-depth/belly-fat/art-20045685?pg=2 . https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdominal_obesity Publications: . Pitfalls of Using Body Mass Index (BMI) in Assessment of Obesity Risk Trishnee Bhurosy and Rajesh Jeewon Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science (2013) . Prevalence of generalized & abdominal obesity in urban & rural India- The ICMR-INDIAB Study (Phase-I) [ICMR-INDIAB-3] . Obesity & abdominal obesity in Asian Indians, Indian J Med Res 123, May 2006
Rasmi Mishra "BMI vs. Abdominal Obesity – A Heavy Debate" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science -IJRISS vol.1 issue 1, pp.21-23 2017
Today’s generation is finding it increasingly difficult to make a career choice from the plethora of options available, choosing a career is one of the most important decisions, a student has to make. To enable them in this decision making process, a scientific process is needed to guide them in choosing a career that is in line with their interest, and to deal with careers that they are not likely to enjoy and to excel. The changing requirements in the corporate, altered market condition for professional manpower, the development of paraprofessional occupations and many other labor market trends, make occupational selection more difficult than ever. The young students in colleges and universities need to be informed about various job openings available to them along with the requirements, responsibilities and the nature of work involved in them, so that they can equip themselves for suitable careers. Out of all the affiliated colleges in Bharathiar University, the study covers samples of 11 colleges included in the Coimbatore District and Erode District. The sample size has been restricted to 300 respondents from first year students, 580 respondents from final year students out of which 300 respondents from the final year students for aptitude test. The study is limited only to Coimbatore district and Erode District.
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- Date of Publication: 08 January 2017
- J. Vijayalakshmi Associate Professor, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore Institute of Management and Technology
. Thornton, George C., ” Differential Effects of Career Planning on Internals and Externals” Personnel Psychology. Durham: Autumn 1978. Vol. 31, Iss. 3; p 471. . Odiorne, George S, “Setting Creative Goals” Training and Development Journal. Madison: July 1979. Vol. 33, Iss. 7; P 14. . Kirkham, Roger L, “Set a Goal, Then Go for It!” Industrial Engineering. Norcross: Mar 1980. Vol. 12, Iss. 3; P 50 . Rausch, Erwin, “How to Make a Goals Program Successful” Training and Development Journal. Madison: Mar 1980. Vol. 34, Iss. 3; p. 24. . Campbell, Donald J, “Determinants of Choice of Goal Difficulty Level: A Review of Situational and Personality influences”, Journal. Leicester: -1982. Vol. 55, Iss. 2; p. 79-82 . Stahl, Michael J.,Harrell, Adrian M. “Identifying Operative Goals by Modeling Project Selection Decisions in Research and Development” IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management. New York: Nov 1983. Vol. EM30, Iss. 4; p 223-242. . Austin, James T., Bobko, Philip, “Goal-Setting Theory: Unexplored Areas and Future Research Needs”, Journal of Occupational Psychology. Leicester: Dec 1985. Vol. 58, Iss. 4; p289-295.
J. Vijayalakshmi "Career Goal and Career Preparation among the Under Graduate Students: a Study on Selected Higher Education Institutions Affiliated to Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science -IJRISS vol.1 issue 1, pp.24-32 2017
Employee Job satisfaction is the outcome of individual response or feelings towards his or her job, culture, policies and environment. The level of satisfaction is closely correlated with the motivation provided in organization which measures. In this paper the employee satisfaction has been studied by comparing the motivational theory namely Maslow’s Hierarchy need and Herzberg two factor theory. As measurement of employee satisfaction is a behavioral study depending on the state of mind and situation in which employees work. The results derived from research will help to understand the employee’s perception and re-design the HR Polices for improving the work relations, communication, motivation and career planning.
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- Date of Publication: 08 January 2017
- Bhagyashree MoreStudent, Dept of MBA, SNJB KBJ COE, Nashik , India
- Harish K. PadmanabhanAsst. Professor, Dept of MBA, SNJB KBJ COE, Nashik , India
. International Journal of Recent Research in Commerce, Economics and Management, ISSN: 2349–7807, Jan-March 2015, VOL-2, ISSUE-10,“Conjectural SWOT up of Low Employee Retention Factors in Star Category Hotels”, Krithiga V., PP 09-12. . International Journal of Science & Research, ISSN: 2319-7064, April 2015, VOL-4, ISSUE -4, “A Study of Hotel Industry to find Job Satisfaction through HRM Practices.” Rajeev Singh, PP 1533-1536. . International Journal of Management and Social Sciences Research, ISSN: 2319-4421 Vol 4, Issue 1, Jan 2015 “ Identifying Reasons for Employee Turnover in Housekeeping department- A study of Selected Hotels in Delhi” Dr. Surjeet Kumar, Dilbag Singh),PP 29-35 . Global Journal of Finance and Management, ISSN: 0975-6477, VOL-06, ISSUE-04, 2014 “Employee Engagement in Hospitality Industry in India: A overview”,Mohd.Sidque, PP 375-378. . International Journal of Research in Applied Natural and Social Sciences, ISSN: 2347-4580, VOL-2, ISSUE-2, Feb 2014, “HRM : A challenging Scenario in the Indian Context”, M.Ravi Babu & Asghat Eimani, PP 135-142. . International Journal of Advance Research in Computer Science and Management Studies, ISSN:2321-7782, VOL-2, ISSUE-4, Feb 2014, “Review Paper – Study on Employee Retention and Commitment”, Dr.Mita Mehta, Aarti Kurbetti, Ravneeta Dhankhar, PP 154-164. . IOSR Journal of Business and Management , p-ISSN: 2319-7668. Vol -16, Issue 6. Ver. IV, Jun. 2014 “Correlation of QWL Factors with Employee Satisfaction in Manufacturing Sector”, Ashwini. J; D. Anand,PP 01-09 . International Journal of Modern Communication Technologies & Research, ISSN: 2321-0850, Vol-2, Issue-8, August 2014 “A Study of Employee Satisfaction with Special Reference to Manufacturing Industries” Yamini Bhojak; Pawan Shakdwipee, PP-22-28 . International Journal of Business and Management Invention, ISSN : 2319 – 8028, Vol- 2 ,Issue 2, Feb 2013, “A Research Study on Employee Appraisal System ”Dr.Lalita Mishra, PP.60- 67 . Indian Journal of Applied Hospitality and Tourism Research, ISSN: 0975-4954, Vol -5, Jan 2013, “Frontline Employee Demographics and its impact on Job satisfaction and Organizational Commitment ” Khanna S. & Akhtar S ,PP 38 -47. . MS Thesis Report , University of Wisconsin-Stout, Graduate School Spring, 2012, “A Study of Employee Retention issues in the Hospitality Industry”, Fox, Robert, J; David A Johnson, PP 01- 58 . South Asian Journal of Tourism and Heritage, Vol -4, Issue – 2, July 2011, “ Impact of QWL of Hotel Employees in Customer Satisfaction – A study on star hotels in Bangalore, PP 78 – 92. . Management Research and Practice, ISSN: 2067-4262, Vol -3, Issue – 4, Dec 2011, “ Job Satisfaction : A Literature Review”, Brikend Aziri, PP 77-86. . Ashawathappa A.K. - Human Resource Management Published By: Tata McGraw Hill Education (India) Pvt.Ltd., New Delhi, 2012, 7th Edition.
Bhagyashree More, Harish K. Padmanabhan "A Comparative Study on Employees Job Satisfaction Level Using Herzberg Two Factor and Maslow’s Need Theory With Reference To Manufacturing Industry" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science -IJRISS vol.1 issue 1, pp.33-38 2017
Housewives, who spend most of the time in kitchen while performing the daily household activities continuously without taking rest, are at the greatest risk due to lack of awareness of the basic principle, poor working conditions and traditional work methods and tools. Therefore, the study was undertaken to evaluate the occupational hazards and musculoskeletal disorders among them. .
- Page(s): 39-40
- Date of Publication: 08 January 2017
- Suvarna Dhone RTM Nagpur University, Nagpur, India
- Tulika KhareAssistant Professor, RTM Nagpur University, Nagpur, India
. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, 2004. . Knapi, K.J.; Harman, E. And Reynolds,K. 2006. Load Carriage Using Packs: A Review of Physiological, Biochemical and Medical Aspect. Journal of Applied Ergonomics, 27 (3): 207-216.
Suvarna Dhone and Tulika Khare "Evaluation of Musculoskeletal Disorders among the House Wives in Nagpur City, Maharashtra" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science -IJRISS vol.1 issue 1, pp.39-40 2017
Much has been researched and anticipated on contribution of teachers in the education sector. With global challenges and opportunities influencing the setting of concerns and expectations from the teachers, it becomes a matter of immense importance to establish quality processes that are sensitive enough to capture the dynamism inherent. The concept of teacher's role is usually interpreted and understood based on experts' opinion, how so ever, as the children occupy the key focus in today's learner centric approach of education system, in the present study efforts were taken to understand the conceptions of children about their teachers and the importance of role they played in their lives. It is believed that the an inquiry into the conceptions of children would provide the fundamentals for uncovering the question, what are the concerns and expectations from the teachers of today's age? The interpreted information would provide a useful missing link to better understand, not only the current realities of classroom but also help defining appropriate framework for teacher training and education required to meet the the global standards for assuring quality learning outcomes. For the present study, children from schools with four different school governance, namely; Central government, State government, Private unaided school and International school were considered.
- Page(s): 41-46
- Date of Publication: 08 January 2017
- Dr. Anjali BhatnagarOsmania University, Hyderabad, India
- Dr. Sudhakar V.Osmania University, Hyderabad, India
. Aslam, M. And G. Kingdon (2007). "What can Teachers do to Raise Pupil Achievement?" Oxford, UK, University of Oxford, Department of Economics. . Cheng, Yin Cheong (2008). " What is effective classroom?"Towards paradigm shift. School effectiveness and school improvement, Volume 19, No 4, 365-385p. . Excellence in Schools (1997). Published by Department of Education and Employment London, UK. . Geeta Gandhi Kingdon (2007). The Progress of School Education in India (GPRG-WPS071). Global Poverty Research Group-report, E.S.R.C. Economics & Social Research Council. . OECD International Education Indicators (1996). Norberto Bottani, International Journal of Educational Research, Volume 25, No 3, 279-288p. . Pratham Resource Center (2013). Annual Status of Education Report. Mumbai, India, Pratham Resource Center
Dr. Anjali Bhatnagar, Dr. Sudhakar V. "Emerging Progressive Perspectives for Global Teachers" International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science -IJRISS vol.1 issue 1, pp.41-46 2017
I. INTRODUCTION Scheduled Castes were one of the groups which were most back word .The basic determinants of Scheduled Caste status were untouchability and impure occupation. Other determinants were their low economic, political and educational conditions.Given the structural limitation of the ritual barrier for social mobility, Scheduled Cates have had to rely upon the principles of democracy and secularism in free India. Employment is perhaps the most important among them. It is mainly through employment that were has been social mobility among scheduled Castes, which is manifested in Changed Family, marriage, religion and leader ship structures as well as emancipation of members of these castes. One thus expects a great deal of social economic and cultural change to have taken place among Scheduled Castes.However,it is a task for sociologists and other social scientists to examine from time to time the extent of change and obstacles to such desired changes. In this context a question may be raised has occupational mobility significantly contributed to social mobility among scheduled Castes? This paper tries to examine these questions .In this context a question may be raised has occupational mobility significantly contributed to social mobility among scheduled Castes? This paper tries to examine these questions. In the organized sector, Scheduled Castes are employed in government and public sector undertakings. Scheduled Caste leaders’ relief from unsympathetic and oppressive administration, facilaitation of the utilization of opportunities and readier access to benefits. Further government work is regarded as a source of prestige for both the individual and the group.With the world population moving towards towns and cities, urbancentres are increasingly becoming more and more important. In India with urban population growth rising to 30 percent(approximately),India can no longer be described as a land of villages .The volume of empirical research done on the Indian urban society is much less than that of on rural society Often the importance of urban centers is either minimized or in them. Second, many have considered such basic institutions as caste and joint family as essentially rural even if they occur in cities fortunately there is now an increasing awareness among sociologists of the fact that India has had urban centers since the time of the Indus Valley Civilization several centuries before Christ and that towns and cities in all parts of India throughout its recorded history (Shah, 1988:2). The present article examines the extent of occupational mobility achieved by Scheduled Caste groups such as Adi-Dravida, Mundala, as a result of employment analyzed in terms of their social relations changing attitudes and lifestyles.Here Scheduled Castes are housed in segregated colonies in different parts of the city. Until recently they were engaged in menial jobs such as cleaning the streets, carrying night-soil, cleaning latrines, transporting city waste, etc. Though some of them still continue in their traditional jobs in the city corporation, many have sought jobs in the state and central governments departments, schools and colleges, hospitals and banks, etc (1).The present article examines the above question of social mobility of Scheduled Castes paper as aresult of employment in an urban society accepts changes andtolerates ambiguities, more readily than rural society. Scheduled Castes living in urban areas also change more readily than their counterparts in rural areas. Andhra Pradesh presents a mixture of communities, castes, religions, languages and cultures. Hindus, Muslims, Christians and Jains make up the major religious groups. Brahmins, Bunts and Billavas are the important Hindu caste groups. The other caste groups are Goudas, Vishwakarmas, Adi-Dravida, Samagaraare the important Scheduled Cate groups found in Andhra Pradesh. .
- Page(s): 47-49
- Date of Publication: 08 January 2017
- Dr. M. Kranthikumar Department of Anthropology, S. V. University, Tirupati, India
- M. KalyankumarAssistant professor of English, S. V. College of Engineering, Tirupati, India
. Adelman, Irma.1975, Growth, Income distribution and equality-oriented development stratagies, world development3. . Kurien, C.T, 1978.Poverty, caste, planning and social tranaportation, Bombay. . 3.1996. Schedule, tribal society and social-legal interverstions.sutart: centere for social studies. . 4.1985. Social stratification and educational inequalities: a case study of scheduled castes in Maharashtra.
Dr. M. Kranthikumar, M. Kalyankumar "Social Mobility and Employment of Scheduled Castes and Tribes in India " International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science -IJRISS vol.1 issue 1, pp.47-49 2017